The All-Wheel Drive, Subaru Line of Products, are manufactured in Japan by Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.), who trace their beginnings to the Nakajima Aircraft Co. Ltd founded in 1917. Rooted in aircraft development, Subaru’s technologies are based on the aerospace engineering concept of dynamic stability, where flight characteristics and stability directly equate with both driving pleasure and safety.
At the heart of Subaru is the Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive (AWD) system – providing very precise steering response in corners, and surefooted stability when traveling at high speeds or bad weather. Unlike 4WD systems that run in 2WD until wheels slips, Subaru’s AWD system is always on and continually monitors all wheels and adapts to provide maximum road grip and outstanding control at every turn. With the left and right sides of the drivetrain completely balanced and a 50/50 split of power routing to the front and rear wheels, you get double the traction full-time.
Stability like no other. It’s why the Boxer Engine still sits at the heart of every Subaru 50 years later. Designed flat to lower the center of gravity, our Boxer Engine powerhouse delivers maximum balance and control. Compared to its inline and V engine counterparts, the Boxer Engine has balance mastered. The same way a boxer throws punches, the Boxer Engine’s pistons move sideways, reducing vibrations to give you a smoother ride.
Low profile. High output. Better fuel economy. Our horizontal layout creates a linear flow of power, so it responds efficiently when you step on the gas. The Boxer Engine may be compact but make no mistake. It punches above its weight with speed and power – bringing you unrivaled balance, handling and stability.
The beginning 1950
1953: Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.) was established. 1954: The first prototype 4-wheel passenger vehicle P-1, later known as the Subaru 1500, was completed. 1957: Prototype K-10 was completed. 1958: Subaru 360 was released. This passenger car became a milestone in our automobile history and enjoyed tremendous popularity for more than a decade.
1961: The Subaru Sambar truck was released. 1966: 2nd generation of the Subaru Sambar was released. 1966: Subaru 1000 was released as the first compact passenger car powered by the Boxer Engine. It also offered driving stability, a comfortable interior and the front-wheel drive platform. SUBARU 1000 1969: Subaru R-2 was released, replacing the Subaru 360 and offering a refined style and roomy interiors that could comfortably seat four people.
1971: Subaru Leone was released. 1972: Subaru Leone, the first Four Wheel Drive commercial vehicle was released. SUBARU LEONE 1972: The Subaru Rex was launched as the succesor to the Subaru R-2. It was a hit thanks to its youthful dynamic image and traditional minicar features, including superior handling, driving stability, riding comfort, and fuel economy. SUBARU REX 1973: The 3rd generation Sambar was released, with a switch from an air-cooled engine to a water-cooled one. 1977: The Subaru Brat was released, based on the Leone 4WD but with a two-seater cabin and a cargo bed at the rear. SUBARU BRAT 1979: The 2nd generation Leone was released with a larger body size and 1,800cc engine.
1981: The 2nd generation Rex was released with a change from a rear-engine, rear-wheel drive platform to a front-engine, front-wheel drive platform. This helped to overcome issues related to interior space, giving it a wider wheel base and the largest body size at the time in the minicar class. 1982: The 4th generation Sambar was released as a minivan model. 1983: The Subaru Domingo one-box wagon was released, it not only accomodated seven passengers in a compancy body but also offered both swivel seats and folding seats. SUBARU DOMINGO 1984: The Subaru Justy was released. 1984: The 3rd generation Subaru Leone was released with a larger body size and a design based on flat, straight lines. SUBARU JUSTY 1985: The Subaru Alcyone was released with its hallmark style designed to evoke the image of the aerodynamic shape of a hawk or an eagle. SUBARU ALCYONE 1986: The 3rd generation Rex was released with more interior space and upgrades to the gearbox. 1988: Subaru Tecnica International Inc. was established as a subsidiary to undertake motorsports activities and the development and sales of specially-designed sports parts. 1989: The Subaru Legacy was launched, marking Subaru's first step into the 2.0-litre automobile industry.
1990: The 5th generation Sambar was released with a full model change. 1991: The Subaru SVX was released, replacing the Alcyone as the luxury high-performance coupe that could handle any road surface. 1992: The Vivio was launched, featuring Subaru's first newly designed body and a relatively low centre of gravity that helped to improve its driving stability. SUBARU VIVIO 1992: The Subaru Impreza was launched in two versions: a 4-door Sedan and a Sports Wagon. The Impreza's engine, suspension, AWD system, and packaging followed those of the Legacy, and the high-performance driving and feeling of quality were further enhanced. SUBARU IMPREZA 1993: The 2nd generation Subaru Legacy was released, offering performance and interior space that rivalled more premium models, despite its compact class. 1993: The Subaru Outback was launched with high ground clearance and a premium yet tough looking exterior. 1994: The 2nd generation Domingo was released with a full model change. SUBARU OUTBACK 1997: The Subaru Forester was launched, combining the strong points of a SUV and a passenger car as a vehicle that featured the best of both genres. SUBARU FORESTER 1998: The 3rd generation Legacy was released with a full model change that eliminated front-wheel drive variants, making all grades based on a 4WD platform. 1998: The 2nd generation Outback was released, this model change eliminated front-wheel drive variants, making all grades based on a 4WD platform. 1998: The Pleo was launched as a perfectly balanced package of performance, safety, utility and eco-friendly driving alongside with its lightweight and compact frame. 1999: The 6th generation Sambar was released with a full model change.
2000: The 2nd generation Subaru Impreza was released, it included features such as a new turbo engine, a new body with Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frames and improved impact safety. 2001: The Traviq was launched as an easy-to-drive compact seven-seater that offered supeme interior comfort in a streamlined package. 2002: The 2nd generation Subaru Forester was released with a full model change, fusing the benefits of both the SUV and passenger car. 2003: The 4th generation Subaru Legacy was released with a full model change, featuring a more sporty look and a comfortable interior. 2003: The 3rd generation Outback was released, featuring high ground clearance and excellent on-road driving performance. 2003: The Subaru R2 was launched, featuring a stunning design coupled with a streamlined package, excellent fuel economy and crash safety, and agile performance. 2005: The Subaru B9 Tribeca was released as a seven-seater featuring a dynamic exterior design contrasted with a sophisticated interior design that accentuated stylish comfort and safety. SUBARU TRIBECA 2005: The Subaru R1 was relased as a 3-door compact car with streamlined packaging for private use. 2006: The Subaru Stella was launched as a mini-car that places an emphasis on a spacious interior, good fuel efficiency and smooth acceleration. SUBARU STELLA 2007: The 3rd generation Subaru Impreza was released with a full model change that offered both comfort and safety. 2007: The 3rd generation Subaru Forester was released with a focus on providing good packaging, performance and eco-friendly elements. 2008: The Subaru Exiga, a seven-seater for panorama touring, was launched. SUBARU EXIGA 2008: The Subaru Dex, a new compact car, was launched with a focus on daily ease-of-use and a unique design. SUBARU DEX 2009: The 5th generation Subaru Legacy was released with a full model change, providing greater comfort and eco-friendly driving. 2009: The 4th generation Outback was released with a full model change, with enhanced driving performance and safety.
2010: The 2nd generation Pleo was released. 2010: The Lucra was launched as a passenger car designed to fit in with any lifestyle with its spacious and open cabin and polished design. 2010: The Subaru Trezia was released as a new minicar with Subaru's renowned wagon styling. SUBARU TREZIA 2011: The 2nd generation Subaru Stella was released with a spacious interior, easy handling and outstanding fuel efficiency. 2011: The Subaru XV was introduced as a vehicle perfectly suited to exciting, lively, yet stress-free use in the city. SUBARU XV 2011: The 4th generation Subaru Impreza was released with a full model change. 2012: Subaru commemorated the 40th Anniversary of its AWD vehicles. 2012: The Subaru BRZ was launched with a super low centre of gravity and touted as a fun sports car that any driver could enjoy driving with peace of mind. SUBARU BRZ 2012: The 4th generation Subaru Forester was released with greater enhancements to its driving, safety and environmental features. 2012: The first Subaru XV was produced at a Malaysian assembly plant of Tan Chong Motor Assemblies Sdn. Bhd. 2013: The Subaru Levorg was introduced as a sports tourer that offers both driving enjoyment and practical touring abilities. SUBARU LEVORG
Subaru has fine-tuned all the basic functions of a car – driving, turning and stopping – to develop cars that offer exceptional stability and predictable control. With a Subaru, you can be confident of a safe and enjoyable drive anytime, anywhere.
If all roads were flat and smooth, you wouldn’t need long travel four-wheel independent suspension – but the real world is filled with pothole-pocked city streets and washboard dirt roads. The Subaru long travel four-wheel independent suspension makes sure you’re ready. Its low-friction design, and specific spring and shock absorber tuning and geometry, help keep the four wheels in contact with any road surface, making the most efficient use of All-Wheel Drive. Because each wheel functions independently, unexpected dips and bumps are no problem; the suspension easily absorbs road irregularities, so each individual tyre stays right where it belongs – on the road.
Multilink suspension in certain models provides excellent cornering and yet maintain stability and handling capacity under varying demands.
It’s no wonder so many mountain bikers and paddle sports enthusiasts count on Subaru to get them to the most remote trailheads and streams. Regardless of where you drive, our long travel four-wheel independent suspension ensures that you’ll always be comfortable and confident in a Subaru.
HIGH RIGIDITY BODY
A rigid body is perhaps the most important factor that is regularly overlooked. Car bodies with insufficient rigidity suffer from shaking throughout the frame when driving over gaps or cornering, resulting in unpredictable, unreliable behaviour. Subaru uses bodies built with the Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frames concept, giving the driver faithful response and reliable drivability.
HILL START ASSIST
The Hill Start Assist function is a driver assist system that keeps the car steady when taking off uphill. Brake pressure is retained for approximately one second when taking off uphill to prevent the car from rolling backwards when shifting from the brake pedal to the accelerator.
VEHICLE DYNAMICS CONTROL (VDC)
Vehicle Dynamics Control is an electronic device that prevents the car from skidding when it experiences a loss in stability by constantly monitoring driving conditions from the steering angle, engine speed, gear selection and the brake position. It controls the brakes at each corner if the car starts behaving erratically, and is effective when the car is about to slip slideways when cornering.
The most effective way of preventing an accident is if drivers can detect dangerous situations with their own eyes. Optimal visibility supports the driver’s judgment and helps reduce driver fatigue, helping keep the driver alert. Subaru also optimized the driving position and controls for both driver comfort and visibility. With the seat and mirrors adjusted, drivers will not need to lean forward to reach the car’s controls – therefore allowing them to keep their eyes on the road.
Optimizing pillar location, relative to the driver, provides outstanding outward visibility for safety. The roof pillars offer protection for the passenger compartment and minimize blind spots.
Excellent visibility and no obstructions to line of sight means safer driving.
In times of braking emergencies, you may not be able to apply sufficient brake pressure, causing the collision to be unnecessarily worse. Our Brake Assist function detects the speed and force used in pressing the brake pedal to evaluate whether emergency braking assistance is required. If it is, brake pressure is increased automatically.
If the driver accidentally presses both the accelerator pedal and brake pedal at the same time, the system limits engine output and applies the brakes first and foremost. This is effective in preventing accidents if the driver presses the wrong pedal.
ACTIVE TORQUE VECTORING (LEVORG, WRX, LEGACY & OUTBACK)
When navigating a corner, VDC applies brakes to the inner front wheel to provide optimum drive power relative to the outer wheel. The outer tyres turn smoother, which in turn increases steering capability. The car responds faithfully to the driver’s steering input, which helps avoid objects on the road or danger when needed.
HIGH BEAM ASSIST (LEVORG, WRX, LEGACY & OUTBACK)
For increased awareness and visibility, the Advanced Safety Package includes an innovative new feature – High Beam Assist (HBA). HBA can automatically toggle between high and low beams depending on road conditions such as speed and oncoming traffic, enhancing visibility for you, and other drivers as well.
SUBARU REAR/SIDE VEHICLE DETECTION (LEVORG, WRX, LEGACY & OUTBACK)
Subaru Rear Vehicle Detection (SRVD) uses sensors at the rear end of the vehicle to alert you of vehicles in your rear blind spots for safer lane changes, and can also warn you of potential collision danger, whilst driving in reverse into a street with cross traffic.
The world can be an uncertain place with unexpected events occuring on the road. Keeping our loved ones safe at all times is paramount. This is why Subaru cars are designed to provide you peace of mind with active safety systems that comes into play while you are driving and passive safety systems with safeguards built to protect you in the event of an accident. At Subaru, we incorporate numerous technologies designed to protect both passengers as well as pedestrians. Roads and circumstances can be unpredictable, which is why we design the body structure of cars in a way that absorbs impact energy in an offset collision.
All Subaru cars are powered with our horizontally-opposed Subaru Boxer Engine. With an inherently low centre of gravity, the engine allows the transmission and other components in the drivetrain to be positioned in a single symmetrical line that allows the engine to slide under the floor in the event of a frontal collision. This means that you are protected from the possibility of the engine intruding into the passenger compartment.
Most Subaru models come equipped with three-point seat belts for all five seating positions that are height-adjustable in front.
The front three-point seat belts feature electronically triggered pretensioners and force limiters, working together to gradually restrain the passengers and help absorb the impact energy of a frontal collision. In a moderate to severe frontal collision, the seat belt pretensioners – operating simultaneously with the front air bags – cinch the front seat belts to help restrain the front seat occupants. The torsion-bar force limiters extend the belts to reduce force on the passengers’ torso, absorbing energy through internal deformation.
DRIVER & PASSENGER AIRBAGS
Both the driver’s seat and passenger’s seats SRS airbags work in tandem with seatbelts to protect everyone in the car. These are folded in a compact size and stored within the steering wheel and dashboard, they then inflate instantaneously to form airbags during a collision, providing added protection to you and your loved ones.
Side & Curtain Airbags
Be it a side collision or a roll-over collision, we have airbags ready to protect all passengers in the car. In the event of a collision, the side and curtain airbags installed within the car will inflate to protect the passengers. Curtain airbags provide a much larger protective area around the head, and are effective for everyone regardless of body size and sitting positions. It is little wonder that Subaru drivers are able to navigate with greater peace of mind at all times.
In the event of a frontal collision, a car’s pedals often move backward, causing injuries to the driver’s leg. All Subaru cars employ auto-retracting pedals to minimise this type of injury.
RING-SHAPED REINFORCEMENT FRAMES
Built to reduce impacts from any direction, the front side frame and sub-frames surround the engine. The ring-shape arches over the cabin area extending from the roof to the doors, pillars and floor with a single tough and energy absorbing frame that is capable of reducing shocks and protecting the entire cabin area.
The ring-shaped cross section frame design combines the A, B and C pillars (and D pillars on wagons) to create a series of rings around the passenger compartment. Combining the side roof rails and lower side sills with the A, B and C pillars forms another series of rings.
Reinforcements to roof, rear end, door frames, pillars and floor are linked in an all-round shield that absorbs enormous amounts of energy in impacts from any direction. So, everyone inside can feel more secure. Attention to detail is the key to reassurance, right down to a safety pedal that reduces the risk of driver’s lower limb injuries in frontal collisions.
The space between the bonnet and the engine is there to protect pedestrians during accidents. Subaru is pro-active in protecting pedestrians.
Side Door Reinforcement Beams
Reinforcing beams have been added within the door frames, which help prevent distortion to the cabin during side collisions and ensure the safety of passengers sitting inside.
Protection against Roll-Overs
Subaru cars boast exceptional driving stability thanks to the low centre of gravity design and suspension system that offers excellent traction. Our cars are engineered to have a low risk of a roll-over. If circumstances arise such that your Subaru car is involved in a roll-over, the high rigidity of the Ring-Shaped Reinforcement Frames body help to prevent your cabin space from being affected. The shock absorbing materials used throughout the various safety features of the car help to reduce any impact delivered.